Kazakhstan’s energy grid has not been modernised since its independence from the Soviet Union and is falling into a state of dereliction and disrepair. With its sights set on 50 percent renewable energy by 2050 and substantial solar and wind energy capabilities, Kazakhstan could be a model for green energy…
Julia Irvin is reading for a MPhil in Modern Chinese Studies at the University of Oxford. Previously, she completed a Master of Arts (Honours) in Arabic, Russian, and International Relations at the University of St Andrews. Her research interests include political violence and identity studies and she is planning to focus her doctoral research on Central Asia.