Investments in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)

From 2013 to December 2022, China’s engagement in the BRI through construction contracts (often financed through Chinese financial institutions) and investments amounted to about USD 950 billion in countries of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) engagement through investment and construction 2013-2022
China’s finance and investment in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) 2022

For a more detailed and interactive overview of investments in the BRI, go here.


The most important industries that receive BRI engagement are

  • energy (about 37%)
  • transport (about 27%)
  • metals (about 12%)
  • real estate (about 5%).


The regions where countries with BRI status receive engagement between 2013 and 2020 are:

  • East Asia with 26%
  • West Asia with 21%
  • Sub-Saharan Africa with 21%
  • Arab and Middle East with 14%
  • Europe with 8%
  • South America with 7%
  • North America with 1%
Nedopil 2023 BRI investment report 2022 cover
BRI 2022 Investment report

For a detailed report on Chinese investments in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) 2013-2022, you can explore our current data analysis here,

Update and contact

The data for the BRI countries and years of signature of the BRI MoU are based on a number of official, news and web sources. Please contact us ( if you have any questions or suggestions.

Recommended citation:

Nedopil, Christoph (2023): “Investments in the Belt and Road Initiative”; Shanghai, Green Finance & Development Center, FISF Fudan University,